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Hemp and CBD - Glossary

Hemp, cannabis, cannabidiol, cannabinoid ... when you first get acquainted with CBD and hemp, a large number of new unfamiliar terms begin to appear. If you've ever been confused by the jargon and words used around CBD, this glossary will help you. 

 

For a detailed description just click on the name.

  • CBD

     

    CBD (cannabidiol) is one of the most common natural compounds (cannabinoids) found in hemp and marijuana plants. Unlike THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), CBD is not psychoactive since it does not bind to CB1 receptors. CBD has the potential to provide potential health and well-being benefits, as well as to alleviate some of the symptoms of certain diseases. It can be consumed in various doses and in various ways, be it vaporization, tinctures, and capsules.

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  • CBD oil

     

    CBD oil is an oil containing any concentration of cannabidiol (CBD). CBD oil can be obtained from hemp and marijuana plants. Therefore, in most cases, “hemp oil” and “CBD oil” are used together. Although there are several possible extraction methods, the most commonly used are CO2 extraction, which filters plant matter through a series of high-pressure, temperature-controlled chambers, and chemical extraction using ethanol. CBD can also be heated in a process called decarboxylation to improve the bioavailability of the product. CBD oil is often used as a tincture because of its ease of use. CBD oil can be classified as a “full-spectrum”, which means that it contains other cannabinoids in addition to CBD, or “based on isolate”, that is, it contains only cannabinoid CBD.

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  • Cannabidiol

    Also known as CBD, cannabidiol is one of 113 non-psychoactive cannabinoids found in hemp plants. Cannabis plants are high in cannabidiol. You need to know that cannabidiol does not cause intoxication even when consumed in large quantities. The terms cannabidiol and CBD are used interchangeably since CBD is an abbreviated form of the word cannabidiol.

  • Cannabinoids

    Messengers, neurotransmitters of the endocannabinoid system. Cannabinoids act on endocannabinoid receptors located throughout the body and brain to trigger a response.

    There are two types of cannabinoids:

    • Cannabinoids produced by our body, the so-called endocannabinoids.
    • Cannabinoids from hemp plants are exogenous cannabinoids. Exogenous CBD cannabinoids mimic the effects of endocannabinoids, which are produced as needed in your body and help maintain a balanced endocannabinoid systemю
  • Cannabis

    The cannabis plant is one of the oldest domesticated crops in our history. As a result of breeding, some cannabis plants were cultivated for religious and medical purposes (marijuana), while others were grown for food, rope, and textiles (hemp). Hemp and marijuana are classified according to the content of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol). While marijuana contains 5-30 percent THC, hemp contains only trace amounts (less than 0.3 percent), which are not enough to create any psychoactive effects.

  • Endocannabinoid system

    The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is a combination of cellular receptors and corresponding molecules (agonists) in the human body. This system helps regulate sleep, appetite, mood, motor control, immune function, pleasure, pain, reproduction and fertility, regulation of memory and temperature. When ECS is in equilibrium, a person experiences homeostasis.

     

  • Entourage effect

     

    The entourage effect is used to explain how the whole has a greater effect than its parts individually. Cannabis contains over 400 micronutrients. Many of these compounds have the ability to interact synergistically, which means that they work together. The entourage effect explains the ability of synergistic plant compounds to multiply the effects of other compounds. Many people prefer full-spectrum CBD products because of the potential benefits of this effect, as it contains more cannabinoids that work with each other. 

     

  • Full-spectrum

    The essence of a plant that still contains plant terpenes, unsaturated hydrocarbons, and flavonoids from the original plant source. A full-spectrum CBD product is the product of choice for those who want an entourage effect. Only a few of the many beneficial compounds found in full-spectrum CBDs include additional cannabinoids, omega-3 fatty acids, B vitamins, magnesium, potassium, and all 20 amino acids. 

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  • Hemp

    A non-psychoactive cannabis plant commonly cultivated for food (hemp seeds), textiles, skincare products, and food additives. Hemp is a tall, thin plant reaching 6 meters. While hemp and marijuana are Cannabis Sativa species, hemp differs from marijuana in its low THC content. To classify a plant as hemp, it must contain no more than 0.3% THC. This amount is not enough to cause any form of “intoxication”, even when using hemp oil in large quantities. 

  • Hemp oil / hemp seed oil

    Hemp oil and CBD hemp oil are completely different products. While CBD hemp oil is extracted from flowers and stems, ordinary hemp oil is squeezed from seeds. Hemp seed oil is most often used in skincare products and for cooking. The hemp seed oil contains no cannabidiol.

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  • Industrial hemp

    Industrial or agricultural hemp, which is the type of hemp from which CBD can be obtained, is grown specifically for inclusion in a number of products. As we have already noted, industrial hemp cannot contain more than 0.3% THC and therefore is completely separated from THC-containing cannabis strains, including medical marijuana.

     

  • Isolate

    CBD isolate - cannabidiol in its pure form. To obtain the isolate, the full-spectrum CBD is further processed, removing all vegetable oils, waxes, chlorophyll, and other plant materials. The result is a purified product with a CBD purity of more than 99 percent. Isolates have no taste or smell. Products made using CBD isolate are often preferred by those who want to avoid even trace amounts of THC and those who prefer to add CBD to their favorite recipes.

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  • Marijuana

    Marijuana is a cannabis plant classified as a controlled substance of the 1st degree. Marijuana contains a high level (5-30 percent) of the cannabinoid THC (tetrahydrocannabinol). This psychoactive cannabinoid binds to CB1 receptors in the brain, leading to a state of relaxation and euphoria associated with marijuana use. Although marijuana is not approved for use in most countries, some doctors may prescribe it. 

  • MCT oil

    MCT stands for medium-chain triglycerides. MCT oils are easily absorbed by the body and are not stored as fat or cholesterol. Typically, MCT is a combination of palm oil and coconut oil. It is believed that the resulting compound is better than using each of these oils individually. MCTs are sometimes used to lower cholesterol and increase muscle mass and strength in older people.

  • Pure CBD Oil

    Pure CBD oil, in fact, is the opposite of a full-spectrum oil. Pure oil is created using CBD isolate with MCT oil and anhydrous hemp oil. Pure CBD oil is odorless, tasteless and ideal for those who do not care about the taste of CBD or want to be sure to use the product without THC. Pure CBD oil can be used sublingually or added to a selection of foods or drinks.

  • Terpenes

    Terpenes are another type of compound found in plants, including the cannabis plant. In particular, they represent a class of organic hydrocarbons responsible for the aroma of a plant. It is believed that terpenes can interact with other cannabis compounds to alter or enhance the CBD effect, called the entourage effect.

     

  • THC

    THC refers to delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol, which is the main psychoactive compound found in the cannabis plant. THC is responsible for the euphoria that accompanies marijuana. Cannabis plants contain an extremely small amount of THC (<0.3%). 

 

If in your opinion the explanation of another word is missing or you are wondering about the meaning of a word from the "hemp" world, leave your comment and we will add to the glossary :-)

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Additional information

 

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Hemp products and legislation

All presented hemp products are 100% legal according to EU legislation. They are made from legal agricultural strains of hemp which contain the legal level of THC (less than 0,2%). Hemp seed is used for the production of oil, protein and also for direct consumption. Hemp herb is used for CBD extraction, tea, and ointments & cosmetics. All our products are NOT psychoactive. 

Cannadorra.com offers a complete range of hemp, CBD products & foods. All EU mostly organic production. 

CBD products Hemp Tea | Hemp Oil | Hemp Seeds | Hemp Protein | Other Hemp | Hemp Cosmetics | Hemp Ointments

tea, 

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